A new report released details how US protected Nazi agents following the end of World War II. Much is known about one program, Operation Paperclip, which brought over many German scientists. NASA wound up getting many, including Dr. Wernher von Braun, Hitler’s leading rocket scientist. Some have become iconic characters from films like ‘Dr. Strangelove’. But the new report indicates what many have suspected for a long time, that the CIA, as part of their Cold War with the Soviet Union, recruited help from former members of German intelligence and the Gestapo. Some may have still been wanted by Nazi hunters.

1932:  Prince August Wilhelm, a son of the ex-Kaiser and one of  the leaders of the German National-Socialist party gives the Nazi salute.  (Photo by Fox Photos/Getty Images)

The report to Congress, “Hitler’s Shadow: Nazi war Criminals, U.S. Intelligence, and the Cold War” was produced by the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. The review of files shows just how U.S. intelligence was able to track many Nazi war criminals, such as Adolph Eichmann. Delivered on Thursday, the CIA released a statement on Friday, “The CIA at no time had a policy or program to protect Nazi war criminals, or to help them escape justice for their actions during the war. The agency has cooperated for decades with the Justice Department’s Office of Special Investigations.”

But old files reviewed showed that the U.S. government may have done more than just track suspected Nazi war criminals. One Gestapo officer, Rudolph Mildner, was apparently held by the Army due to his knowledge of Communist activities. He later escaped and wound up in Argentina and met with Adolph Eichmann, the man how oversaw the Holocaust program. Eichmann was captured by Israeli agents in 1960 and was tried and sentenced to death. The new report indicates that the U.S. had been tracking Eichmann for some time.

Another of the US protected Nazi agents was Mykola Lebed, a Ukrainian Nazi collaborator, who wound up in New York City in 1948 and was working for the CIA. Federal investigators determined that he may be a war criminal due to his activities during World War II, which allegedly includes ethnic cleansing incidents in the Ukraine. The CIA used him during the Cold War, and claims that he was not a Nazi but a Ukrainian freedom fighter.

21st September 1946:  Nazi leaders in the dock at Nuremberg. Back row (from left to right): Raeder (just visible); Schirach (speaking); Sauckel; Jodl; von Papen; Seyss-Inquart; Speer; Neurath; Fritzsche. Front row (from left to right): Goering; Hess; Ribbentrop; Keitel; Kaltenbrunner; Rosenberg; Hans Frank; Frick; Streicher; Funk and Schacht. Original Publication: Picture Post - 4200 - Greatest Trial In History - pub. 1946  (Photo by Kurt Hutton/Picture Post/Getty Images)

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